Tuesday, November 27, 2012

General information on Chamoiles


General Information


Scientific name : Matricaria recutita and Matricaria discoidea
Two basic types.

  • German Chamoile: An annual plant that really likes the sun.  Reseeds itself when some of the flowers are unpicked.
  • Roman Chamoile: Low growing perenial tolerating most soil conditions. Really enjoyes being in the sun too.


Growing near herbs will actually increase the essential oil production.
Companion plant  information
Chamomiles plants accumulate calcium, potassium and sulfur.  Good in composts and when returned to the soil.

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General plant information

General information about catnip

Also known as Catswort and Catmint
A perienial plant of the Lamiaceae  family - inclused mint.
There are two varieties that I have grown.

  • Nepeta cataria and
  • Nepeta citriodora [ lemon catnip]



Part of the mint family and thus a member of the Nightshades.
Some may be sensitive to the effects where other just have no reaction.
Catmint in flower.... protected by a
 tyre after the cats got to it 
Basically [ especially with cats] there are two ways of experiencing the effects.

  • An olfactory one.  The essential oils travel through the nose membranes reaching the area of the brain stimulated by "happy" pheromones and the cat goes wild.
  • When eaten the effect is a mellowing one


  • Freshness
    • The old story of fresh is best ~ especially with Catnip as catnip is known to loose it's potency over time. When used in repellents the time frame is only a few ours of effective use.
  • Uses
    • The concentrated nepetalactone within the catnip is a repellent.
      • 10 times more powerful than DEET if the essential oil has been steam  distilled. Use as a spray.  Not as effective when applied to the skin.
      • Mosquito repellent
      • Japanese Beetle spray.
      • Fly spray.
      • Termite repellent.
        • needs to be applied to soil where termites are to be an effective deterrent to termite tunneling  [ 1]
    • Relaxant for both humans and cats.
    • Calming effect similar to chamomile.
    • May also be used for a sedative effect.




Resources

How to makes a homemade spray to drive away flea beetles.

Catnip  [ and grass] in a tyre


Have on hand

  • Catnip
  • Water
  1. Gather the catnip by the hand full.
  2. Use a mortar to crush the catnip allowing the essential oils to be released easily.
  3. Seep the catnip in the water.  
    1. Please note steam distillation is a better way of releasing the essential oil terpenoid nepetalactone that is needed for to really make this spray effective however being practical the above will suffice.
  4. Place in a spray bottle
  5. Spray or drizzle on the plants
Only make what you are going to actually use.
When you are actually using this spray please be aware of the effects the catnip will have on plants that really do not like living next door to catnip.  Also if the catnip that attracts the cats from the neighborhood is used will they love the vegetables sprayed to death! Some catnip plants literally have either an intense ten minute  hyper  relaxing effect or a mighty aggressive behavior effect on the cat ~ all depends on the cats sensitivity to the catnip.  Not good if the vegetable patch is guarded by a cat unfriendly dog!
Reference:









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Monday, November 26, 2012

Companion planting for Catnip


  • Good Neighbours
  • Helps
  • Help By
  • Attracts
  • Repeals
    • Deters ants, aphids, flea beetles, Japanese beetles, Squash bugs, weevils.

  • Bad / not good companions

Thursday, November 22, 2012

Companion Planting with Hyssop


  • Good Neighbours / Companions
  • Helps:
    • Cabbage, Cauliflower, Grapes
  • Helped By
    • Brussel Sprouts
  • Attracts
    • Honey Bees, Butterflies
  • Repels / Distracts
    • Cabbage Butterfly /Cabbage moth larvae, Flea Beetles, Slugs .
  • Bad / Not Good Companions
    • Radishes



General Information

Hyssopus officinalis [1]



References
How to grow Hyssop
List of companion plants

Tuesday, November 20, 2012

Companion Planting with Cilantro / Coriander



  • Good Neighbours / companions
  • Helps
    • Spinach
  • Helped by
    • Beans, Peas
  • Attracts
    • Tachinid Fly
  • Repels / Distracts
    • Aphids, Potatoe Beetle, Spider Mites, White Flies
  • Bad / not nice companions



General Information

Scientific name : Coriandrium sativum

References

List of Companion Plants